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The negotiating directives for the negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (TTIP) foresee the inclusion of investment protection and investor-to-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provided a number of conditions are met. Investment protection and ISDS have been at the forefront of a vigorous public debate in the EU on TTIP.
The Commission therefore organised a public consultation between 27 March and 13 July 2014 to develop further the EU approach on these important issues that matter to Europeans.
The consultation outlined a possible EU approach (hereinafter: "the proposed EU approach" or "the proposed approach") and sought feedback on whether that proposed EU approach, which is substantially different from other agreements containing traditional investment protection and ISDS clauses, would achieve the right balance between protecting investors and safeguarding the EU’s and Member States' right and ability to regulate in the public interest. It should be recalled that the proposed EU approach to investment protection and ISDS was also developed in light of the experience of arbitration under the many existing agreements, which has sometimes been controversial.
The EU, in exercising a competence provided for by the Lisbon Treaty, has the opportunity to set up a reformed EU wide regime which will replace and phase out the existing treaties of Member States.